Local space heaters convert electricity and gaseous or liquid fuels into heat. Typical examples here are electric heaters or convectors (portable or fixed), luminous heaters or wood-burning chimneys. Local space heaters differ from boilers in that the heat production is localised and not produced in a centralised location (e.g. basement) and distributed throughout the building.

The wide scope of appliances covered makes it the largest group of heating appliances covered by ecodesign, with an expected 331 million units be installed in 2030. While pellet stoves and closed fireplaces are becoming increasingly popular, the largest energy savings (63 TWh/year) are expected to come from electric heaters, as they represent more than 70% of EU local space heaters.


An Ecodesign Regulation (EU 2015/1188) has been in place since 2015 and is currently being reviewed. Among the items listed in the review clause of the regulation, are the appropriateness of setting stricter ecodesign requirements for energy efficiency and NOx emissions.


  • Put a label on electric heaters. At the moment, while they represent by far the largest share of the product group, electric heaters are excluded from the scope of the Energy Labelling Regulation (EU 2015/1186), and consumers are unaware of their inefficiency.
  • Remove from the market the least efficient technologies such as electric heaters without thermostats or controls, outdoor heaters.
  • Adopt ambitious NOx emissions limit values.

Coolproducts technical input and position papers:

2022 – Topten position paper – Merged energy labelling for local space heaters, air conditioners and comfort fans

2022 – Comments on regulations regarding the energy labelling of local space heaters, air conditioners, and comfort fans

2022 – Position paper – Comments on ecodesign regulation for local space heaters

2019 – Local space heaters: Position on the ecodesign & energy labelling proposals

2019 – Stricter regulations are needed for electric heaters

2019 – Review study of Ecodesign for local space heaters Commission Regulation (EU) No 2015/1188

2019 – Comments on the “Proposal for combining the Ecodesign and Energy Labelling regulations for local space heaters and for air conditioners ≤ 12 kW”


Build logo
Diariodigital logo
Daily Mail logo
economist logo
El Pais logo
La Stampa logo
les Echoes logo
Politiken logo
Spiegel logo
The telegraph logo
The Guardian logo
The Verge logo
motherboard logo
Le moniteur logo
Zeitung logo


EEB logo
ECOS logo
topten logo
FoEe logo
Clientearth logo
CAN logo
WWF logo
Inforse logo
Zero Waste Europe logo
EIA logo
EEB logo


Bound logo
Ecodes logo
greenalliance logo
Natuur logo
The Eco Conucyl logo
Quercus logo
Global 2000 logo
Legambiente logo
Zero logo
CLER logo
Les Amis logo
Hop logo


ECF logo
Life logo

With the support of thr European Union (LIFE Programme and European COmmission). This work reflects the author's views and does not commit donors.