The purpose of the report is to list and summarise the subsidy schemes for fossil fuels in domestic heating systems in force in the EU-27 and the United Kingdom as of 30 November 2020.

In some cases, where federal incentives exist in addition to central incentives (e.g.: Spain, Austria, ect.), the analysis was also carried out at the local level.

The analysis takes into account incentives by type (soft loans, grants or tax reduction schemes), and technologies (gas boilers, etc).

See analysis


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With the support of thr European Union (LIFE Programme and European COmmission). This work reflects the author's views and does not commit donors.